Thursday, 1 August 2013

Indian parliament:Who is the albatross....who is the trump card??

It was in the 'not-so-fortuitous' year of 1921, that the mammoth structure that we now know as the parliament, came into existence. It was initially called the Provincial Legislative council...as per the Government of India act by the British. Since then...the parliament has been the salient witness to everything that you see in India. The 'vocally-challenged debater' is the most prestigious and lofty institution in India....and houses 790 members, representing the mass population of India. Prior to independence the parliament was merely a 'king in the guillotine'. After independence...it was exposed to the most ferocious debates and ideas that has now shaped Indian economy and society. The Indian Parliament in Sansad Marg is the workshop from where India was moulded. Post 1947...the parliament was dominated by the Congress party, as the nation gave it's gratitude for the services of the party. Mr Nehru was the Prime Minister for about 17 years and gave us the cornerstones of the present India. The decisions were unilateral due to the feeble opposition that gave form in India. The Congress ruled & ruled....till now...when the attitude has changed....but the debt is still unpaid. The coffers are dripping and the people are tripping....yet the Parliament watches on.

But now times have changed. The Congress or any other party cannot attain an individual majority. This is solely because of the emergence of localised/regional parties. DMK&AIDMK in Tamil Nadu....SP&BSP in Uttar Pradesh.....Trinamool Congress in West Bengal......Akali Dal in Punjab.......and so goes on the list of regional parties that are now dominating Indian politics. The first actual coalition government to complete 5 years in office is the NDA government under A B Vajpayee. But we find evidence of it....as late as in the 1977s, under Moraji Desai. But after 1999 there has been no looking back for these regional regiments. They have now developed a very strong support base and influence in their respective states and now poll a huge amount of seats....thus making the major parties helpless. Without their help....it is now implausible to actually form a government at the centre. Each of them have now set up their own bastions in the form of states and inevitably rule them unanimously. The central government is slowly but steadily losing it's importance and dominance, as the central government has now been reduced to a cluster of 'bazillion' parties under one party that commonly gets 150 or more seats. But political analysers now believe that Indian politics will very soon see a time...when the regional parties unite and create a front that shall rule India forever....considering how paramount they are among the people.

But the challenges before such a front are various....and the tentativeness of the people towards such a government is always not such a surprise. Lack of stability, internal conflict and competition, monotonous process of decision-making, lack of a clear cut policy and ideals....to name a few. Such a government may seem very indulgent and apt...as the regional parties can effectively represent their respective sections and work for their upheaval. But the reason behind this shadow of doubt, is the fact that such a parliament or government is not the kind that India needs right now. It needs fierce and strict policies, selected by the people to uplift it's current condition. The last thing our country wants right now is a government that is going to take days and days for a decision that will probably be misused to a great extent. Each party will put forth their own views with regard to their domestic interests, thus hindering the overall development of the country. Another major problem is the presence of more than just one regional part in a place. Thus each of these parties will poll a large quantity of seats thus not creating a clear winner. The problem is much more serious at the centre. Two competing parties cannot work under the same roof or coalition and yet, without both of them...the numbers are against such a front. For example for a successful front....the SP and the BSP who are the major players in the same state would have to come together. The same is the story everywhere.

A third-front is never a suitable form of government.....as it falls short in providing a 'stable & able' government that can work not just for a region.....but for the entire nation. But such an idea might never come out as concrete reality....because the recent sample polls conducted by various sources have deemed the NDA as the single largest front with a feeble 156 seats....in a Parliament where you need atleast 266 to be with in 'stone throw distance'. This is not good news....as the 3rd and 4th front together have compiled a mammoth 240 seats. So how exactly is India going to be governed. By an extremely unstable NDA alliance, or a 3rd front which is going to raise many question?? Who will the PM? If 'X' is PM....what position shall 'Y' assume...and so on..!! This is not what India expects.

But who is to blame for this catastrophe?? It is not the regional parties....or the politicians....but simply we the people. The only flaw one can find in a democracy...is the lack of development. All the developed countries are either following 2-party system or mono-party system. This makes decision making process much more blunt...but yet highly fruitful. At the same time....considering the huge population that India houses, a multi-party democracy is almost inevitable. The people of India have to understand the complexity of the situation that they are dragging India into. Our economic growth has been petrified, our tales of corruption are widespread.....and if at the end of all this, we have no one to rule us...the scenario won't be 'wonderland'. As far as the state assembly elections are concerned...the regional parties are much more effective, considering how close they are to the people. But if the people blindside themselves to the regional parties in the loksabha elections....it would be a great boon.

Complexity is not effectiveness. Diversity is not effectiveness. Composition is not effectiveness. And thus.....regional parties are definitely not effective.

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